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Digitizing: Norm translations

Norm translation
Audio
Slides/Photo/Negatives
Video
Cine film
Norm translating is converting between different national formats. (NTSC, SECAM and PAL)

For instance, the NTSC format is used in America, the Dutch antilles, Aruba and Suriname; while PAL is used in the Netherlands. Because of the different formats, videos and tapes are not playable everywhere. The used format of the hardware should correspond. A (video)tape from America (filmed in NTSC) will have to be converted to the Dutch PAL format before you can play it with Dutch hardware.

You will find a summary on which format is played in what country on this page.

We are able to convert these types of tape: Norm translation can be done to VHS (PAL, NTSC and SECAM, DVD (PAL, NTSC) or to digital computer files



Tariffs

The surcharge of norm translation is €0,15 extra per minute (including 21% VAT).

Here is a summary of the different land formats and where these are used
PAL NTSC SECAM
Abu Dhabi Antigua Albania
Afghanistan Antilles Bulgaria
Algeria Aruba Djibouti
Argentina Bahamas Egypt
Australia Barbados France
Azores Bermuda French Guyana
Bahrain Bolivia Gabon
Bangladesh Bonaire Greece
Belgium; Brazil Guadeloupe
Bosnia; Herzegovina Burma Hungary
Canary Islands Canada Iran
China Chile Iraq
Cyprus Colombia Ivory Coast
Denmark Costa Rica Cameroon
Dubai Cuba Congo
Germany Curaçao Lebanon
Finland Dominican Republic Libya
Ghana El Salvador Madagascar
Gibraltar Ecuador Martinique
Greenland Philippines Mauritius
Great Britain; Guam Mongolia;
Hong Kong Guatemala Morocco
IJsland Haiti Polynesia
India Honduras Romania
Indonesia Jamaica Reunion
Ireland Japan Russia
Israel; Cayman Islands Saudi Arabia
Italy; Korea (South) Senegal
Jordan Mexico Slovak-Republic
Channel Islands Nicaragua Zaire
Kenya Panama
Korea (North) Peru
Kuwait Puerto Rico
Croatia Saipan
Laos Suriname
Liberia Taiwan
Luxembourg Trinidad
Madeira USA
Malaysia Venezuela
Malta
Monaco
Mozambique
Namibia
The Netherlands
New Zeeland
Nigeria
Norway
Uganda
Oman
Austria
Pakistan
Paraguay
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Saban
Sarawak
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovenia
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Thailand
Tibet
Czech Republic
Turkey
United Arab Emirates
Uruguay
Yemen
Zambia
Zanzibar
Zimbabwe
South Africa
Sweden
Switzerland